Lemytskaya D. —
The questions of determining and preserving national identity in Siberian architecture (on the example of the Republic of Khakassia
// Urban Studies.
– 2018. – № 4.
– P. 1 - 8.
DOI: 10.7256/2310-8673.2018.4.28041 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=28041
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The subject of this research is the manifestation of national policy in Siberian architecture. The objects is the urban architecture of the Republic of Khakassia (on the example of the city of Abakan). Chronological boundaries of the research include the moment of establishing the Soviet regime until 1950’s. Based on studying the national policy conducted by Soviet government in the regions, the author sets the goal to determine the architectural objects with manifestation of national specificity, which are important as the objects of cultural heritage. The article meticulously reviews such aspects of the topic as the policy of indigenization in all spheres of cultural life of the Soviet society, development of national self-expression in architecture in compliance with the national policy conducted by the government. The author applies the historiographical analysis and field studies of urban development of one of the national autonomies of Russia; historical-evolutionary and comparative-typological method for analyzing the national policy pursued in USSR; interaction between national distinctness and architecture in the context of the history of architecture of the country; as well as methods of discovering the historical-cultural value of the objects. The scientific novelty consists in determination of the methods and means of reflecting national specificity of architectural objects of the national territories of USSR. It is established that the policy of indigenization was expressed in creating the objects with national specificity, using the methods of stylization and morphogenesis. The residential building in Abakan with national features is considered the most attractive and unique architectural object in the territory of Khakassia. The results of this work can be used in studying architecture of the national territories.
heritage, historical and cultural heritage, synthesis of arts, the architecture of the USSR, national architecture, architecture, lesser town, small people, national identity, indigenization
Slabukha A. V. Ustanovlenie istoriko-kul'turnoy tsennosti ob'ektov arkhitekturnogo naslediya (chast' 2): kriterii i metod v sovremennoy ekspertnoy praktike // Chelovek i kul'tura. 2016. № 6. S. 9-22. DOI: 10.7256/2409-8744.2016.6.20767. URL: http://e-notabene.ru/ca/article_20767.html
Lemytskaya D. E., Slabukha A. V. Arkhitekturno-prostranstvennoe razvitie goroda Abakana v 1920–1960 gody // Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov. 2012. № 1 (37). URL: http://archvuz.ru/2012_1/17
Slabukha A. V. Ustanovlenie istoriko-kul'turnoy tsennosti ob'ektov arkhitekturnogo naslediya (chast' 1): organizatsionno-metodicheskie problemy // Chelovek i kul'tura. 2016. № 6. S. 1-8. DOI: 10.7256/2409-8744.2016.6.20712. URL: http://e-notabene.ru/ca/article_20712.html
Lemytskaya D. E. Poisk natsional'noy samoidentifikatsii v arkhitekture Khakasii (K postanovke problemy) // Arkhitekton: izvestiya vuzov. 2014. № 2 (46). URL: http://archvuz.ru/2014_2/14
Sovetskie natsii i natsional'naya politika v 1920-1950-e gody // M.: Politicheskaya entsiklopediya. Fond «Prezident
Проектирование и архитектура
Taletskaia I. —
Main factors affecting the modern projects of children leisure and entertainment centers
// Urban Studies.
– 2018. – № 4.
– P. 9 - 21.
DOI: 10.7256/2310-8673.2018.4.28108 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=28108
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This article is dedicated to the main factors that affect the creation of modern projects of the children leisure and entertainment centers. The object of this research is the children leisure and entertainment centers, while the subject is specificities of its designing. The author provides an overview of the most common examples of the existing projects of the children leisure and entertainment centers, built over the period from 2006 to 2017; as well as presents a systemic analysis of the city-planning, functional and architectural-artistic characteristics of each object. The acquired results allow determining the key factors that affect the designing of the children leisure and entertainment centers, among which are the city-planning, socio-functional and psychological. Each of these factors must be considered in designing the children leisure and entertainment centers. The author underlines that the world practice of designing the children leisure and entertainment centers knows the cases of applying studies in the area of children and adolescent psychology, sociological survey data, as well as the city-planning peculiarities; however it carries an occasional and irregular character. The scientific novelty lies in systematization of the determined factors for the purpose of aligning and improving the designing of the children leisure and entertainment centers.
social and functional factor, urban factor, design of leisure centers, factors, leisure students, additional education, children's institutions, leisure entertainment activities, children's leisure entertainment center, psychological factor
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