History of ethnicities, peoples, nations
Galstyan M.S., Gaysina L.R. —
The Armenian Community in Russian Turkestan and the Development of Industries in the Transcaspian Region (Last Third of the 19th Century – Beginning of the 20th Century)
// History magazine - researches. – 2017. – ¹ 4.
– P. 1 - 7.
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Review: The subject of this research is one aspect of the economic activity of the Armenian community in Russian Turkestan, namely, the development of the fishing and salt industries. The Armenian community in Central Asia was established following the entry of this region into the Russian Empire and, despite its small number of members, became very influential in the economic sphere there. The greater part of the Armenian population was concentrated in the Transcaspian region of the Turkestan territory and it was precisely there that they played a key role in the most diverse spheres of economic activity. The main methods of research applied in this research, apart from general scientific ones, are the historical-comparative, historical-typological and historical-systematic methods, which allow to study the economic activity of the Armenians in Central Asia in its evolution, while considering the multitude of factors that influenced it. On the basis of a wide range of sources, the article analyzes for the first time in scientific research the role of the Armenian community in the conception and formation of the fishing and salt industries in the Transcaspian regions of Russian Turkestan. Armenian industrialists and merchants organized in the Transcaspian region commercial fishing and a salt industry, which became a very profitable activity for the local population as well. Despite its small population, the Armenian community continued to play a key role in these industries up to the Russian Revolution.
Keywords: Central Asia, fishing cooperatives, salt industry, fishing companies, Russian Turkestan, Russian policy of Turkestan, Transcaspian region, fishing industry, Turkestanskiy krai, Armenian community of Turkestan
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