Beliefs, religions, churches
Petrova T. —
The Question of the Exclusion of Bishops from the House of Lords of Great Britain in 1830-1840 (Based on Journalistic Materials, the Press, Parliamentary Debates)
// History magazine - researches.
– 2018. – ¹ 2.
– P. 1 - 18.
DOI: 10.7256/2454-0609.2018.2.25738 URL: http://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=25738
Read the article
The subject of this article is the public and parliamentary discussions concerning the issue of the withdrawal of bishops belonging to the Church of England from among the ranks of legislators. The object of this study is the course of these discussions, their connection with the overall political context, and the arguments of the supporters of the idea of excluding prelates from parliament. The discussion was most often conducted within the framework of the general debate on church reform which had been developing since the 1780s and which became particularly relevant in the 1830s when the position of the Church was undermined by three acts of the "constitutional revolution". The aim of this work is to investigate how the idea of excluding bishops from the House of Lords appeared in English journalism, press and parliamentary debates of 1830-1840, to examine the arguments of its supporters, and to reveal its connection with the political life of the period. The methodological basis of this work are the principles of historicism and scientific objectivity, and other specific scientific methods: the historical-genetic and the historical-typological approaches. The goal itself set before the author determines the scientific novelty of the article. Some sources are utilized for the first time in Russian historiography. The author comes to the conclusions that: the idea of excluding bishops from the House of Lords was closely connected to the idea of reducing the influence of the executive power on the parliament; it was defended by appealing to both religious and political arguments, as well as through historical arguments and appeals to public opinion; it was used as an instrument of political pressure on prelates during the "constitutional revolution"; it was not supported by the government and did not have strong support among the legislators of that time.
economical reform, parliamentary reform, Lords Spiritual, House of Lords, British Parliament, the episcopacy, Church of England, church reform, the constitutional revolution, anticlericalism
Stetskevich M. S. Parlamentskaya reforma 1832 g. i Tserkov' Anglii // Trudy kafedry istorii novogo i noveyshego vremeni. 2014. ¹13. S. 59–72.
The Times. 29.09.1831.
Simon W. G. The Bishops and Reform // Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church. 1963. Vol. 32, ¹ 4. P. 361–370.
Tupoleva L. F. Dvizhenie za parlamentskuyu reformu 1832 g. v Anglii // Iz istorii evropeyskogo parlamentarizma. Velikobritaniya. M., 1995. S. 111–123.
Zholudov M. V. Ideologiya i politika liberal'noy partii Velikobritanii v 30-e gody XIX veka. Ryazan', 1997.
Beverley R. M. A Letter to His Grace the Archbishop of York, on the Present Corrupt State of the Church of England. London, 1831.
Acaster J. Remedies for the Church in Danger: or Hints to the Legislature on Church Reform. London, 1830.
Petrova T. V. Proekty tserkovnoy reformy v angliyskikh pamfletakh i traktatakh 1828–1832 godov // Nauchnyy dialog. 2016. ¹ 2 (50). S. 283–295.
Best G. F. A. The Constitutional Revolution, 1828–32 and its Consequences for the Estab
Issues of war and peace
Moshechkov P.V. —
Successes and Failures of the Mission of J. Durich and M. R. Stefanik in Russia: a Discussion of the Issue of Sending Prisoners of War to France
// History magazine - researches.
– 2018. – ¹ 2.
– P. 19 - 28.
DOI: 10.7256/2454-0609.2018.2.23607 URL: http://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=23607
Read the article
The subject of this study are the negotiations with the government of the Russian Empire and the Headquarters of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Russian army held in the summer and autumn of 1916 by two representatives of the Czech-Slovak National Council: a deputy from the Czech Agrarian Party, Josef Durich, and a citizen of the French Republic, Milan Rastislav Stefanik, a Slovak by birth. The author pays particular attention to the contacts of these politicians with Emperor Nicholas II and officials of the foreign political and military departments of the Russian Empire. The author also examines in detail another important aspect of this topic: the position of the Russian side regarding the issue of the transfer of Austro-Hungarian prisoners of war of Czech and Slovak origin to the Western Front. The variety of sources on this topic made it possible to apply the historical-genetic method of research, which has allowed to identify the successive stages in the process of the formation and development of the issue of sending Czech-Slovak prisoners of war from the Russian Empire to France. The use of the historical-comparative method made it possible to compare the projects of Russian military and diplomats in solving the question of the participation of prisoners of war in combat operations on the fronts of the First World War. The scientific novelty of this study lies in its use of historical sources previously inaccessible to researchers. These are documents on the process of the formation of the Czech-Slovak corps in Russia. Of particular interest among these sources are the memoirs of J. Durich and M. Jeanin, which have rarely been used in scientific works. The use of these materials made it possible to evaluate the activities of Durich and Stefanik in the Russian Empire in 1916. The author's examination has allowed him to come to the conclusion that the latter's trip to Russia is undoubtedly crucial for the further resolution of the issue of creating an autonomous Czech-Slovak army on the Western Front.
Kiev Agreement, prisoners of war, Czech-Slovak army, Headquarters of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief, military department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Council of Ministers, France, Russian Empire, First World War
Firsov E. F. Bor'ba za politicheskuyu orientatsiyu cheshskoy i slovatskoy kolonii v Rossii v 1915 – 1917 gg.: Masarik ili Dyurikh // Versal' i novaya Vostochnaya Evropa. M.: ISB, 1996. S. 111–135.
«Zapis' o printsipakh cheshsko-slovatskoy aktsii», podpisannaya predstavitelem ChSNSoveta, Soyuza cheshsko-slovatskikh obshchestv v Rossii i Slovatskoy ligi v Amerike, s priznaniem polnomochiy za Natsional'nym sovetom // Cheshsko-Slovatskiy (Chekhoslovatskiy) korpus. T. 1. M.: Novalis, 2013. ¹ 230. S. 438–439.
Pis'mo direktora Diplomaticheskoy kantselyarii pri Verkhovnom glavnokomanduyushchem (Stavke) N. A. Bazili tovarishchu ministra inostrannykh del A. A. Neratovu o peregovorakh s chlenom Cheshsko-Slovatskogo Natsional'nogo Soveta (ChSNS) M. R. Shtefanikom // Cheshsko-Slovatskiy (Chekhoslovatskiy) korpus. T. 1. M.: Novalis, 2013. ¹ 225. S. 427–429.
Kopiya otnosheniya tovarishcha ministra inostrannykh del V. A. Artsimovicha upravlyayushchemu delami Soveta ministrov I. N. Lodyzhenskomu o vnesenii na rassmotrenie Soveta ministrov voprosa o peredache Frantsii voennoplennykh dlya ispol'zova