Semina T.V. —
Escalation factors of the social conflict between medicine and population in the conditions of transformation of the society
// Politics and Society. – 2017. – ¹ 10.
– P. 1 - 9.
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Review: This article examines the factors of occurrence of social conflict between medicine and population in the context of transformation of the society, economic and legal reforms. The author highlights the objective reasons of emergence of the social conflict, which escalate under the influence of the factors of external and internal environment. The key factors imply the modernization and economic reforms in healthcare, impact of the world globalization, social stratification, information technologies, depreciation of individual value orientations, affordability of medical services, and degraded status of a physician in modern society. The article reveals a subject field of dynamics of the sociology of conflict in the area of medicine, as well as carries out a systemic analysis of the objective factors of macrosphere and microsphere that contribute into its development in the Russian society. The author determines the genesis of causal connections of the occurrence of social conflict and driving factors of its development during the period of transformation of the society. Preventative measures on reducing the escalation of social conflict between medicine and population are being proposed. The topic at hand is relevant because the rapidly progressing social conflict between medicine and society concerns each individual, and health of the nation is the foundation of wellbeing of the Russian society. The emergence of social conflict reduces the quality and promptness of rendering medical help to the population. Low quality of medical services, rudeness, neglect, and corruption in medicine cause particular alarm of the population. All of the above leads a sick person to self-treatment. Medical community also experiences crisis, which is reflected in the downgrade in prestige of the profession and inadequate motivation of labor in the conditions of social stratification.
Keywords: society, healthcare, globalization, population, medicine, factors, escalation, Social conflict, stratification, transformation
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Dobren'kov V.I., Kravchen
Gorban' V.S. —
The problem of “philosophy of law” in legal consciousness of Rudolf Stammler
// Politics and Society. – 2017. – ¹ 10.
– P. 10 - 27.
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Review: The subject of this research is the interpretation by the renowned German social philosopher, legal expert, prominent representative of legal Neo-Kantianism R. Stammler (1856-1938) of the problem of “philosophy of law”, its disciplinary role and meaning in comprehension of law. The work accents attention on the problem of “philosophy of law” in Stammler’s legal consciousness due to the fact that through understanding and resolving namely this problematic have developed the most common features of its legal and socio-philosophical views. In reality, Stammler, having indicated the problem of “philosophy of law, on one hand encouraged the revival of interest towards the philosophy of law as such alongside the attempts to overcome the methodological monism in Kantianism manner; while on the other hand – using specific approaches towards substantiation of the personal legal understanding, Stammler rather contributed into the devaluation of the problem of “natural law” and strengthening of the positions of positivistic philosophy of law. The main conclusion lies in the statement that R. Stammler’s attitude to the problem of “natural law” and philosophy of law highlighted as central in the overall combination of his legal and socio-philosophical views, in terms of content of his major works did not encouraged the “revival of natural law” and overcoming of the methodological monism in comprehension and interpretation of the political-legal problematic, but instead, created the philosophical explanation for consolidating the position of positivistic philosophy of law and subsequent devaluation of the natural-legal type of legal consciousness, as a result requiring the occurrence of the “pure legal doctrine”.
Keywords: Pure forms of legal knowledge, Principle of historicism, Social philosophy, Positivism, Natural law, Valid law, Philosophy of law, Critical theory of law, Legal doctrine, Stammler
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